[IronPython] CLS compilation

Keith J. Farmer kfarmer at thuban.org
Thu Jul 24 00:38:29 PDT 2008


LINQ to SQL needs custom attributes on members, including methods (to map columns and UDFs).

 

Of course, we’d also need Expression<T> support as a matter of usability.  You *could* construct expressions manually – nobody would bother.

 

 

 

From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com] On Behalf Of Shri Borde
Sent: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 11:06 PM
To: Discussion of IronPython
Subject: [IronPython] CLS compilation

 

I am changing the subject to better reflect the discussion. I have posted a blog at http://blogs.msdn.com/shrib/archive/2008/07/24/cls-compilation-of-ironpython.aspx discussing some issues I see.

 

Keith, as far as exposing IronPython types as System.Type, its not just a question of inheriting from System.Type. If we did just that, the resulting Type would not be usable from important APIs like Activator.CreateInstance, from IL instructions like newobj, etc. because the CLR has special knowledge about the System.Type object it creates from metadata.

 

Also, LINQ to SQL does look like an interesting scenario. I mention this at the end of the blog. However, the reason to collect real use cases is to know exactly what features are needed. Supporting the full range of CLS features may not be necessary. Knowing how folks are wanting to use the feature can guide the design of the feature in the future. For example LINQ to SQL only needs CustomAttributes on types but not on methods AFAIK. This may could make a significant difference as support CustomAttributes on method is much more complicated.

 

So do send in other use cases you have run into…

 

From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com] On Behalf Of Dino Viehland
Sent: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 7:41 PM
To: Discussion of IronPython
Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap

 

The only problem w/ the existing Type and MemberInfo classes is that they all require inheritance demands to inherit from them.  That prevents us from subclassing them in anything core because it won’t work in Silverlight or other partial trust scenarios.  But it is something we’ve been working w/ the CLR team on getting fixed so we’ll be able to take that approach in the future – there’s other areas where it’d be useful as well.

 

From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com] On Behalf Of Keith J. Farmer
Sent: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 7:30 PM
To: Discussion of IronPython; Discussion of IronPython
Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap

 

I can answer both in one:  To be able to use IronPython to create data classes, marked up with attributes, to be consumed by APIs probably written in something other than IronPython.

 

That's it.. quite simple.

 

Example of such an API:  LINQ to SQL.  Or LINQ to whatever, since outside of of Objects and XML, things pretty much end up with mapping metadata and attributes are one of the first places to look for that.

 

And so, in light of the DLR effort, and the general push to make the static languages be able to work well with the dynamics, I think it's only right that the DLR languages be able to expose their dynamic types in such as way as to be transparent to the static languages.  That's why I pointed out that Type is an abstract class and the MemberInfo subclasses themselves appear to be subclassable.  It really appears that the API is there, waiting to be implemented.

 

Otherwise, really, the dynamic languages are completely unusable for certain APIs -- they just don't interact with the reflection API in such a way that libraries can consume in a reasonable, language-neutral manner.

 

________________________________

From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com on behalf of Curt Hagenlocher
Sent: Wed 7/23/2008 4:39 PM
To: Discussion of IronPython
Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap

So, we had a brief hallway discussion today about this topic, and the upshot is that I'm interested in hearing your "real world" use cases for 

a) attributes, and

b) static type generation in general

 

By "use case", I mean a scenario that's specifically relevant to you today.  By "relevant", I mean that it would be *nice* to be able to write a PowerShell extension in Python, but if you didn't end up writing the extension in another language, then it doesn't really count for what I'm looking for. :)

On Mon, Jul 21, 2008 at 4:16 PM, Keith J. Farmer <kfarmer at thuban.org> wrote:

We are talking about *new* features, but you're limiting yourself to existing APIs?

If, for the sake of working nicely with the DLR, the existing reflection API needs to be modified to deal with a more dynamic world, that's not outside the realm of possibility in my books.  After all, there has always been talk of IP being able to expose static types for consumption outside of IP.  I don't see that this is any less possible now than it was at the start.

Incidentally, Type is an abstract class.  Also, ParameterInfo isn't sealed, and implements ICustomerAttributeProvider, which is a public interface:

public interface ICustomAttributeProvider <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Reflection.ICustomAttributeProvider>
{
   // Methods
   object <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Object> [] GetCustomAttributes <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Reflection.ICustomAttributeProvider/GetCustomAttributes(Boolean):Object%5b%5d> (bool <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Boolean>  inherit);
   object <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Object> [] GetCustomAttributes <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Reflection.ICustomAttributeProvider/GetCustomAttributes(System.Type,Boolean):Object%5b%5d> (Type <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Type>  attributeType, bool <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Boolean>  inherit);
   bool <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Boolean>  IsDefined <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Reflection.ICustomAttributeProvider/IsDefined(System.Type,Boolean):Boolean> (Type <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Type>  attributeType, bool <http://www.aisto.com/roeder/dotnet/Default.aspx?Target=code://mscorlib:2.0.0.0:b77a5c561934e089/System.Boolean>  inherit);
}


So I think, actually, that this could be done without changing much if any external API.  They'd probably need to change some of the internals to return dynamic variants of the info types, but I think that's doable.

________________________________

From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com on behalf of Harry Pierson
Sent: Mon 7/21/2008 12:59 PM

To: Discussion of IronPython
Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap



All of the many overloads of GetCustomAttributes (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.attribute.getcustomattributes(VS.85).aspx) need some type of static type info (Type, MemberInfo, ParameterInfo). So supporting custom attributes would require some type of static class as Michael mentions below.



-----Original Message-----
From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com] On Behalf Of Michael Foord
Sent: Monday, July 21, 2008 12:48 PM
To: Discussion of IronPython
Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap

Keith J. Farmer wrote:
> Attributes can be applied to more than just types -- members,
> parameters, return values (as I recall), etc.

But those all presuppose a static type - right?

IronPython could generate a static class in the compile phase where .NET
attributes are used. Python decorator syntax could be used - class
decorators are now part of Python 2.6 and no-one would object to you
sneaking them into Python 2.5...

Parameter and return type attributes could still use a method decorator
to apply them.

Michael

>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> *From:* users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com on behalf of Curt Hagenlocher
> *Sent:* Mon 7/21/2008 9:51 AM
> *To:* Discussion of IronPython
> *Subject:* Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap
>
> "Availability of a static type" not because IronPython would need to
> access one but because it would need to expose one.
>
>
> On Mon, Jul 21, 2008 at 9:44 AM, Keith J. Farmer <kfarmer at thuban.org
> <mailto:kfarmer at thuban.org>> wrote:
>
>     You can create your own attribute classes, for whatever markup.
>      Particularly since LINQ-to-*, where they often are used to
>     annotate data classes with strings, etc (not references to types).
>
>     In any event, why does "availability of a static type" enter into
>     this?  IP can access static types just as well as any other .NET
>     language (System.Math comes to mind).  The motivation in general
>     is to make IP a better producer for CLR types, rather than just a
>     consumer, and attributes are an increasingly important thing to
>     support.
>
>     As for expression trees and extension methods, those are to make
>     IP a better consumer of a very important API (LINQ and the
>     IQueryable stack from .NET 3.5).
>
>     To be honest, once those 3 features are available in IP, I think
>     it would be on par with the mainstream languages in being very
>     usable in an exclusive sense.
>
>     -----Original Message-----
>     From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>
>     [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>] On Behalf Of Harry
>     Pierson
>     Sent: Sunday, July 20, 2008 11:14 PM
>     To: Discussion of IronPython
>     Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap
>
>     Can you give me some examples where you would use these? The
>     problem I see is that many scenarios (WCF contracts, XML
>     serialization just to name two) where people want to use a custom
>     attribute depends on the availability of a static type.
>
>     Harry
>
>     -----Original Message-----
>     From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>
>     [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>] On Behalf Of Keith J.
>     Farmer
>     Sent: Saturday, July 19, 2008 8:13 PM
>     To: Discussion of IronPython
>     Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap
>
>     votes++
>
>     -----Original Message-----
>     From: users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>
>     [mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com
>     <mailto:users-bounces at lists.ironpython.com>] On Behalf Of Michael
>     Foord
>     Sent: Saturday, July 19, 2008 10:38 AM
>     To: Discussion of IronPython
>     Subject: Re: [IronPython] IronPython Post 2.0 Roadmap
>
>     Sanghyeon Seo wrote:
>     > 2008/7/20 Harry Pierson <Harry.Pierson at microsoft.com
>     <mailto:Harry.Pierson at microsoft.com>>:
>     >
>     >> Hosting features are all done via the DLR, so that's a separate
>     team. As for
>     >> "ability to interact with the rest of the .Net framework", can
>     you be more
>     >> specific about what you're looking for in that space? What
>     *isn't* IPy doing
>     >> that you want it to?
>     >>
>     >
>     > .NET attributes?
>     >
>     >
>     +1 :-)
>
>     Michael
>
>     --
>     http://www.ironpythoninaction.com/
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